Structures Used to Express Sadness
The examples used in this section are in the present continuous tense to express feeling sad at the moment of speaking. You can also use these expressions in different tenses.
Use these informal forms when speaking to close friends and family. Preceding each set of sentences, an example shows how to construct the sentence, including the subject and "to be" verb:
Subject + be + feeling down about something
主語＋be＋feeling down about something
I'm feeling down about work lately.
She's feeling down about her grades.
Subject + be + upset about something
主語+ be + upset about something
I'm upset about my friends.
Tom's upset about his boss. He's too hard on him!
Subject + be + sad about something
主語+ be + sad about something
I'm sad about the situation at work.
Jennifer's sad about her mother.
Use these more formal forms when speaking to people at work or with those whom you don't know well.
Subject + be + out of sorts
主語 + be + out of sorts
I'm sorry. I'm out of sorts today. I'll be better tomorrow.
Peter is out of sorts today. Ask him tomorrow.
Subject + do not + feel well
主語 + do not + feel well
Doug doesn't feel well today.
I don't feel well. I'm going to the doctor.
Expressing Sadness With Idioms
English uses common idioms when speaking about sadness:
Subject + be + feeling blue about something
主語 + be + feeling blue about something
Jack is feeling blue about his relationship with his girlfriend.
Our teacher said he was feeling blue about life last night.
Subject + be + in the dumps about something
主語 + be + in the dumps about something
We're in the dumps about our financial situation.
Kelly is in the dumps about her horrible job.
When someone tells you he is sad, it's important to express concern. Here are some common phrases to show that you care.
I feel you.
I can't believe that. That's horrible / disgusting / not fair.
Examples of informal expressions of concern include:
I feel you. Life isn't always easy.
Bummer, but keep trying. You'll find a good job eventually.
I'm sorry to hear that.
That's too bad.
What can I do to help?
Is there anything I can do for you?
Would you like to talk about it?
Some examples of formal expressions of concern are:
I'm sorry to hear that. What can I do to help?
That's too bad. Would you like to talk about it?
If you see that someone is sad, but that person is not telling you, use the following phrases to get her to open up about her feelings. Ask prompting questions when helping a friend or colleague who is feeling sad, such as:
What's the matter?
You seem sad. Tell me all about it.
Why the long face?